The Last Touch to Denim: Washing
The finishing process for jeans creates the final look of the jeans. Washing is a step in finishing process. What we call washing is not regular washing with soap and water. In some jean models you can see that there is a difference in color. It can be among several differences such as lighter and darker spots, color contrasts, wrinkle-like looks etc. All these differences are realized by these special washing processes. In other words, the dry denim is subjected to washing process and the final state is given to denim.
Stone Washing Process:
This process is done using pumice stone. The process consists of rubbing the fabric with pumice stone. Different effects are given by using stones that are different in size. The color fades in the stoned spots and color contrasts are created.
Acid Washing Process:
In this process, the color of the dark color denim is lightened with acid. A sharp color contrast appears after the acid process. This is a model that becomes popular periodically. It gained popularity in the 80s and got a patent in 1986. In this process, the denim fabric is put into the acid water and it is rubbed with the pumice stone. In acid washing, bleaching chemicals such as chlorine or potassium permanganate are used.
Making of Wrinkle Effects:
This process gives the denim fabric a twist and a wrinkle effect. At the end of the process, denim gain an appearance as if they were used. This process is usually applied to knees and zipper starting points. When this process applied in dark areas, their colors turn lighter, and when it is applied to light areas, their colors get darker. This will create a more natural look. Sanding, machine sanding, hand sanding and laser methods are used in this process.
This method is a widely used method in denim fabric. The tops of the jeans are rubbed to give a slightly faded effect. It is usually applied in knee, thigh and back pockets. It is also applied to the seams and the belt. This kind of color contrast and effects give jeans harmony and vitality.
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